Saturday, February 06, 2010
"The horse that arrives early gets good drinking water." African Proverb
Shem Hotep ("I go in peace")
"No one can see beyond a choice they cannot understand. Everything that has a beginning has an end." The Oracle
"Never argue with an idiot. They drag you down to their level, then beat you with experience. I believe in the brotherhood of man, all men, but I don't believe in brotherhood with anybody who doesn't want brotherhood with me. Fear is the path to the dark side. Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering. Man or Woman looks in the abyss, there's nothing staring back at him or her. At that moment, man or woman finds character. And that is what keeps him or her out of the abyss" Sawaad Amen Ra
"The more whites love you, the more you must reassure your own community that you are still one of them. And the more you do that, the more you jeopardize your white support." Barack Obama
Rev. Al Sharpton strongly urged the nearly 10,000 people who filled Hampton University's Convocation Center not to select a candidate next year just because they want to see an African-American or a woman or a Hispanic in the White House for the first time.
Sharpton added that "just because you're our color doesn't make you our kind." He pointed to President Bush's secretaries of State, Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell, as examples of African-Americans he said haven't necessarily worked in the interest of the African-American community.
"...people may forget what u said, they may even forget what u did, but they never forget how u made them feel." Maya Angelou
Lift up your heads, And you will lift up, ever-living ` Black people. The King of glory shall come in. Arise Blackman Arise and know thyself. We`ve been sitting` in the dirt too long and it seems we don`t know when we`re right or wrong. Arise Blackman Arise and know thyself. For the moon shall turn into blood and the rivers turn into flood and the sun will never shine. Arise Blackman Arise and know thyself. Remember we`ve been down here as slaves and to get a little job you have to trim and shave.Your heaven becomes your grave. For the time of rights is now and you don`t have to ask me how.You`ve got to make a move. Blackman Arise and know thyself. Every man on earth is a man and every tub have to stand on its own bottom. No matter where you`re from. Blackman Arise and know thyself.
A Cry From A Black Man!
Every-time I wake up I pray for that day When Blacks can feel proud And our past washed away But I can't see a future When we keep our eyes shut And we continue to live In the dark and in the smut We're the only Race on earth That takes pride in a word That made slaves out of men And stands for hate when it's heard. But we hear it everyday And it starts with an "N" Like drugs in our veins Its use has no end. I can never understand Why we embrace it with love A word born out of Hell We should not be proud of. You will never hear others Insult them selves like we do As we watch them succeed While we're flush down the tube We've been treated worse than dogs And a lot is our fault For we pass to our young All the crap we've been taught.
We will always be slaves If we continue to use That word we've been called And we seem to abuse How can we earn respect In a world like today When we keep ourselves down And never change in our ways It's time to turn things around And break this chain that we bear And stop living as fools And put our butts into gear We must instill in our young They're the key to our change Make education the rule Let success be their range And only then we will earn The respect we demand And stop living a word That ties up our hand.
So I say to my Brothers And Sisters you too Let's show pride in ourselves For we're Gods children
HOMAGE TO THE NUBIAN FEMALE: Sister, please! May I have a word with you?
My dearest Black woman who struggles to understand the Black man it is not your intent to deny us of any knowledge, love or power, yet to shower us with Love and to stand with us when times are hard. Will you let us be your Comfort Zone again? The things you ask or think are not for Judgment but encouragement. The Creator created man from woman. Projection is not what you desire. Respect, Love and Understanding is required. You can give use the world on a Silver Platter, but if we cannot stimulate your mind and Massage you are Soul. The black woman first has to overstand that you are the crime of the universe...the original goddess of the planet. You Black woman have a gene called a "mondochondra" this is a gene that prolongs labor pains it keeps you alive after you give birth. So we brother need to realize what you really are to us.
My African Violet!
She`s a sweet chocolate brown A true ebony delight With a rich cocoa flavor My dark Queen of the night. From the land of the BlacksWhere Cleopatra once ruled She`s my treasure of Kemet She`s the Nile`s black jewel. She has features of love With her dark satin skin She`s my African violet That moves me within She has breathtaking looks Which I truly adore And a natural dark beauty From her head to the floor She takes over my mind With her sweet chocolate ways I fall under her spell Mesmerized in a daze. She`s my soul mate of love For she nurtures my heart And I will always be hers Till death due us part.
For Black men only!
Where are you my Brothers? In this essence in time it seems we're extinct and blind our women, our children, our mothers, fathers and brothers can't find us have we dis-appeared? Have we allowed America to smear our image with mis-conceptions and lies created out of fear? Look at us brethren Our situation is beyond critical Instead of unified Kings and noble men we're starving, spiritless, material lusting individuals We are no longer the images of our fathers, grandfathers and great-grandfathers We're even condemned by them Living in a world of constant battles and sin sending our own selves to our ends No longer friends, just bodies braving the wild of the world Losing our souls as time unfurls It's sad that I no longer feel kin to my brethren I feel alien amongst crowds of loud-talking', fast walking', women cursing' studs who have drug the image of us in the mud We no longer have respect for our Nubian Queens It is an understatement to say that we treat them cruel and mean Our behavior amongst them is extreme We no longer exist with them as a team We Brothers call our precious women everything but who and what they truly are which has left our Queens spirits colored with bruises and scars We treat them so foul one outside of our race would doubt that their ours to serenade with Beautiful names and respect Instead we'd rather treat them with neglect My Brothers where art though As our little men and women experience this world without guidance and protection We've left it to the media, sports stars and rap and R&B songs to give them their life's lessons We are unrecognized in their eyes lies unseen tears for years our children have sung the blues while we've shown up here and there with an outfit to give them along with a pair of shoes We must wake up We're losing our women and children to this cold world and vultures Lacking knowledge of self and a history of their divine past and culture Let us rise again men and except the positions of providers and protectors Let the world drink from our nurturing nectar.
Posted by Sawaad Amen Ra at 10:43 AM
"A close friend can become a close enemy." African Proverb
Quotes from the Movie True Romance:
Dennis Hopper aka Cliff:
Christopher Walken aka Coccotti:
Coccotti: Sicilians are great liars. The best in the world. I`m a Sicilian. And my old man was the world heavyweight champion of Sicilian liars. And from growin` up with him I learned the pantomime. Now there are seventeen different things a guy can do when he lies to give him away. A guy has seventeen pantomimes. A woman`s got twenty, but a guy`s got seventeen. And if you know `em like ya know your own face, they beat lie detectors to hell.
Cliff: So you`re a Sicilian, huh?
Cliff: You know I read a lot. Especially things that have to do with history. I find that shit fascinating. In fact, I don`t know if you know this or not, Sicilians were spawned by niggers.
Moors of Africa:
Coccotti: Come again?
Cliff: It`s a fact. Sicilians have nigger blood pumping` through their hearts. If you don`t believe me, look it up. You see, hundreds and hundreds of years ago the Moors conquered Sicily. And Moors are niggers. Way back then, Sicilians were like the wops in northern Italy. Blond hair, blue eyes. But, once the Moors moved in there, they changed the whole country. They did so much fucking` with the Sicilian women, they changed the blood-line for ever, from blond hair and blue eyes to black hair and dark skin. I find it absolutely amazing to think that to this day, hundreds of years later, Sicilians still carry that nigger gene. I`m just quoting` history. It`s a fact. It`s written. Your ancestors were niggers. Your great, great, great, great, great-grandmother was fucked by a nigger, and had a half-nigger kid. That is a fact. Now tell me, am I lyin`?
I bet you did not know this?
The Black Genesis of Chess - Moors of Spain
Chess is a game that we all love and enjoy for its build-up of tension and it infinite possibilities. Black chess players have recently begun to make headway into the upper echelons of the international chess arena. However, there was a historical precedent for Blacks in a mighty people who served as the genesis of modern-day chess. Who were these mighty people? They were the Moors of Africa who led a militaristic campaign against Spain in 711 AD and brought with them a game called Shatranj. Shatranj was derived from Chaturanga, a board game originating in India in the 6th century which featured only four types of pieces: elephants, chariots, calvary, and infantry. The Moors also brought another fame to Spain called el-Quirkat, a direct ancestor to checkers.
The Moors were a proud civilization known for spectacular advances in science which included tracing "the curvilinear path rays of light through air." This is the forerunner of eyeglasses. The Moors also used the astrolab and compass for navigation and their methods of surgical medicine were at advanced states. They excelled in herbology and employed food preservation techniques enabling the storage of wheat for as long as 100 years!
I bet you did not know this?
Was Hannibal Black?
BLACK SCHOOL CHILDREN have long admired Hannibal as a racial role model. The African general, who marched on Italy in 218 B.C., hailed from Carthage, in what is now Tunisia. Hannibal was actually black? Two films currently in the pipeline offer conflicting answers tothat question. A resounding "Yes!" comes from Fox studios, whose upcoming Hannibal epic will star Denzel Washington.
British director Ridley Scott responds with a somewhat less resounding,"sort of." His Hannibal epic will star Vin Diesel an actor who looks Mediterranean, calls himself "multicultural," and is reputed to be part black and part Italian. Some commentators dismiss the actorsA? appearance as irrelevant.
Though I think that Diesel is phenotypically closer to Hannibal, I'm not sure if he can bring the sort of iron tragic gravity to the story of the ancient Carthaginian that someone like Washington is known for," remarks Razib K, a 25-year-old Bangladeshi immigrant with a biochemistry degree who co-edits the popular blog-site Gene Expression, known for its frank discussions of race. Other critics place more importance on "phenotype" or physical traits. "That's the stuff, boys. Africa! Cuddly Blacks v. Wicked Anglo-Saxon Romans! Great box-office!" sneers British writer Peter Jones in The Spectator. Jones says, "Black Africans (the so-called Negroid type) did not inhabit the coastline of North Africa". Actually, many blacks have lived there, from ancient times to the present. Jones is correct, however, in saying that the Carthaginians were descended from Phoenician colonists. "The Phoenicians were a Semitic people from along the coast of Lebanon/Syria," he writes. "Expert traders, they established way-stations along the Mediterranean.
I bet you didn't know this, did you?
J. Edgar Hoover was the head of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation for 48 years from 1924 until his death in 1972. One of the most virulent racists to hold a top government position in this country in the 20th Century was J. Edgar Hoover, the long-time director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Hoover was notorious for his targeting of blacks: civil rights leaders, elected officials, newspaper publishers, or even artists such as the great singer Paul Robeson.
On March 4, 1968, FBI Headquarters issued a memorandum expanding its COINTELPRO activities against``Black Nationalist--Hate Groups,` and warning that Dr. King, among others, could emerge as a messiah` who could unify and electrify the Black Nationalist movement. The memorandum called for the use of ``imaginative` techniques, and required a report on accomplishments within 30 days. Exactly 30 days later, on April 4, Dr. King was assassinated. HooverA?s cooperation with military intelligence units conducting surveillance and more deadly operations against King has been documented in Dr. William PepperA?s book Orders to Kill, The Truth behind the Murder of Martin Luther King. Pepper says new investigative techniques could prove once and for all that James Earl Ray did not shoot King.
James Earl Ray 1929-1998
Posted by Sawaad Amen Ra at 10:38 AM
"One who runs alone cannot be outrun." African Proverb
The events which transpired five thousand years ago; Five years ago or five minutes ago, have determined what will happen five minutes from now; five years From now or five thousand years from now. All history is a current event." Dr. John Henrik Clarke 1915-1998
A must read:
The Tuskegee Syphilis Study remains an ignominious milestone in the intertwined histories of race and medical science in U.S. society. Initiated in 1932, this tragic 40-year long public health project resulted in almost 400 impoverished and unwitting African American men in Macon County, Ala., being left untreated for syphilis. Researchers wanted to observe how the disease progressed differently in blacks in its late stages and to examine its devastating effects with postmortem dissection.
In 1855, John "Fed" Brown, an escaped slave, recalled that the doctor to whom he was indentured produced painful blisters on his body in order to observe "how deep my black skin went." This study had no therapeutic value. Rather, fascination with the outward appearance of African Americans, whose differences from whites were thought to be more than skin deep, was a significant impulse driving such medical trials.
Thomas Jefferson exposing hundreds of slaves to an untried smallpox vaccine before using it on whites, to the 1990s, when the New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University ran drug experiments on African-American and black Dominican boys to determine a genetic predisposition for "disruptive behavior."
The infringement of black Americans' rights to their own bodies in the name of medical science continued throughout the 20th century. In 1945, Ebb Cade, an African American trucker being treated for injuries received in an accident in Tennessee, was surreptitiously placed without his consent into a radiation experiment sponsored by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Black Floridians were deliberately exposed to swarms of mosquitoes carrying yellow fever and other diseases in experiments conducted by the Army and the CIA in the early 1950s. Throughout the 1950s and '60s, black inmates at Philadelphia's Holmesburg Prison were used as research subjects by a University of Pennsylvania dermatologist testing pharmaceuticals and personal hygiene products; some of these subjects report pain and disfiguration even now. During the 1960s and '70s, black boys were subjected to sometimes paralyzing neurosurgery by a University of Mississippi researcher who believed brain pathology to be the root of the children's supposed hyperactive behavior. In the 1990s, African American youths in New York were injected with Fenfluramine -- half of the deadly, discontinued weight loss drug Fen-Phen -- by Columbia researchers investigating a hypothesis about the genetic origins of violence.
"A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots." Marcus Garvey 1887-1940
Reconstruction was the process in U.S. history that attempted to resolve the issues of the American Civil War when both the Confederacy and slavery were destroyed. It is also the common name for the era between 1865 and 1877 in the United States that addressed the return of the Southern states that had seceded, the status of ex-Confederate leaders, and the Constitutional and legal status of the African-American Freedmen. Violent controversy arose over how to accomplish those tasks, and by the late 1870s Reconstruction had failed to equally integrate the Freedmen into the legal, political, economic and social system.
Reconstruction came in three phases. Presidential Reconstruction 1863-66 was controlled by Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, with the goal of speedily reuniting the country. Their moderate programs were opposed by the Radical Republicans, a political faction that gained power after the 1866 elections and began Radical Reconstruction, 1866-1873 emphasizing civil rights and voting rights for the Freedmen. A Republican coalition of Freedmen, Carpetbaggers and Scalawags controlled most of the southern states. In the Redemption, 1873-77, white supremacist Southerners (calling themselves "Redeemers") defeated the Republicans and took control of each southern state, marking the end of Reconstruction.
Henry Berry Lowrie
Henry Berry Lowry had gathered around him other Indian men who had tired of taking the mistreatment of whites. Along with this group, two African Americans and one white buckskin Scot joined what became known as the Lowry band. The band robbed rich white landowners, and Henry Berry Lowry became the Robin Hood of Robeson County: NC.
Posted by Sawaad Amen Ra at 10:03 AM
Don't insult the crocodile until you cross the water.(Be careful about criticizing others.) African Proverb
I am student of Dr. Malachi.Z. York, Hon Elijah Muhammad, Marcus Garvey, Dr. King, Khalid Muhammad, and many others." Sawaad Amen Ra
This is a wonderful book. I'm glad it is finally out. All of the religious intolerance of the early church is brought to light. The facts should not be used as a reason to hate the church; but, they help us all understand that claims of a divine right to speak for God are all false. If you liked this book , I would also recommend the book An Encounter With A Prophet. The author of An Encounter With A Prophet would no doubt be burned at the stake if organized religion still had the power it had in the middle ages.
I was very impressed by Helen Ellerbe's "The Dark Side of Christian History." A critical overview of nearly 2000 years of Christian history, Ellerbe sheds light on the ugly skeletons that "feel good" Christendom would like the rest of us to ignore or downplay. Ellerbe opens by saying that the Christian legacy "fosters sexism, racism, the intolerance of difference, and the desecration of the natural environment" and goes on to intelligently justify her position.
Ellerbe covers the suppression of theological diversity in early Christianity (including the suppression of alternative gospel texts), the Crusades, the Inquisition, genocide against Native Americans, the witch hunts of the 1400s-1700s, and other atrocities committed under the direction of Christian churches. The book is thoroughly annotated, and contains a substantial bibliography for further reading.
My only criticism of Ellerbee's book is that, if anything, she doesn't go far enough. This is especially true in her brief mention of Christian complicity in the slave trade. The intertwining of Christian churches and theologies with slavery is a truly vast phenomenon with a huge body of documentation (start with Frederick Douglass' "Narrative" and Harriet Jacobs' "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl"). But I suppose there is only so much an author can accomplish in a book of about 220 pages.
I recommend "The Dark Side" both to intellectually honest Christians and to non-Christians who may be the targets of some of the types of bigotry that have historically been intertwined with Christianity. As a companion text, try "The Bible Tells Me So: Uses and Abuses of Holy Scripture," by Jim Hill and Rand Cheadle
The Spanish Inquisition was an institution that had precedents in other Inquisitions. The reconquest of Spain from the Moors resulted in a relatively peaceful multi-religious society, but violent anti-Judaism and anti-islam ensued and many Jews and Muslims converted to the Catholic faith.
Some of these conversos were suspected of not being sincere converts. The Alhambra Decree in 1492 ordered all remaining Jews to leave their kingdoms, causing more Jews to convert to Christianity rather than leave Spain. Various motives have been proposed for the monarchs to start the Inquisition, such as increased political authority, weakening opposition, doing away with conversos and sheer profit.
Ferdinand II of Aragon pressured pope Sixtus IV to agree to let him set up an Inquisition controlled by the monarchy by threatening to withdraw military support at a time when the Turks were a threat to Rome. Sixtus IV later accused the Spanish inquisition of being overzealous, accused the monarchs for being greedy and issued a bull to stop it, but he was pressured into withdrawing the bull. On both occasions Sixtus IV went along with Ferdinand II of Aragon
During the 16th century a new target was found: Protestants. About 100 were burned as heretics. An index of prohibited books was drawn up that were alleged to contain heresy. In time converts from Islam, called Moriscos, were also persecuted by the Holy Office. Other crimes were also taken up in these tribunals such as blasphemy, Superstitions, heretical propositions, Sodomy, Bigamy and solicitation. Among superstitions, six witches can be positively verified to have been executed.
The Spanish Inquisition was an institution at the service of the monarchy, but had to follow procedures set up by the Holy See, and the appointment of Inquisitor General had to be approved by the pope. Most of the inquisitors had a university education in law. Its income came from the confiscations and otherwise operated in conformity with Canon Law of the Roman Catholic Church. The procedures would start with Edicts of Grace, where people were invited to step forward to confess heresy freely and to denounce others. Denunciations were followed by detentions, which in some cases lasted up to two years before the trial. A defense counsel was assigned to the defendant, a member of the tribunal itself, whose role was simply to advise the defendant and to encourage him or her to speak the truth. A Notary of the Secreto meticulously wrote down the words of the accused. The archives of the Inquisition, in comparison to those of other judicial systems of the era, are striking in the completeness of their documentation. The percentage of cases where torture was used, which was as a means of getting confessions, varied. Sentences varied from fines to execution and those condemned had to participate in the ceremony of auto de fe. The arrival of the Enlightenment in Spain in the first half of the 18th century slowed inquisitorial activity and it was definitively abolished on July 15, 1834. From 1476 to 1834 probably between 3,000 and 5,000 people were executed.
This book unblinds the serious problem that mass media socializes black males (like me), to see whiteness (and therefore white women) as the ulitmate reflection of what is beautiful. From the moment we are born we are shown millions of depictions of white women as both intelligent and beautiful (from old movies to the Barbie doll). At the same time we are fed a constant flow of images depicting women of color, especially darker-skinned black women, in negative and often unattractive roles. The abandonment of black women by black men, as pointed out by this writer, will likely lead to increased caos/ crime in the black community. Thank you for helping me to better understand this issue!
The devil (President Bush) came right here... And it still smells of sulfur today." Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez September 20, 2006.
"I believe I`m going to die doing the things I was born to do. I believe I`m going to die high off the people. I believe I`m going to die a revolutionary in the international revolutionary proletarian struggle."
Fred Hampton Black Panther Party
Posted by Sawaad Amen Ra at 9:54 AM
Talking doesn't fill the basket in the farm.(Success requires planning and hard work.) African Proverb
Abraham Lincoln a Racist?
In his new book, Forced Into Glory: Abraham Lincoln's White Dream, black American author, Lerone Bennett, presents historic evidence supporting the theory that Abraham Lincoln was, in fact, a devoted racist harboring a life-long desire to see all black Americans deported to Africa.
Bennett suggests that as a young politician in Illinois, Lincoln regularly used racial slurs in speeches, told racial jokes to his black servants, and vocally opposed any new laws that would have bettered the lives of black Americans.
Key to Bennett's thesis is the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation which, Bennett argues, Lincoln was forced into issuing by the powerful abolitionist wing of his own party. Bennett asserts that Lincoln carefully worded the document to apply only to the rebel Southern states, which were not under Union control at the time, thus resulting in an Emancipation Proclamation that did not in itself free a single slave.
At one point, Bennett quotes William Henry Seward, Lincoln's secretary of state, who referred to the proclamation as a hollow, meaningless document showing no more than, "our sympathy with the slaves by emancipating the slaves where we cannot reach them and holding them in bondage where we can set them free."
Henry Clay Whitney, a close friend of Lincoln, is quoted by Bennett as saying the proclamation was "not the end designed by him (Lincoln), but only the means to the end, the end being the deportation of the slaves and the payment for them to their masters - at least to those who were loyal."
Bennett asserts that Lincoln often put forth plans for deporting the slaves to Africa both before and during his presidency.
The tone of Forced Into Glory: Abraham Lincoln's White Dream is decidedly angry, as if Bennett feels betrayed by what he calls the "myth" of Abraham Lincoln.
"No other American story is so enduring. No other American story is so comforting. No other American story is so false." -- Lerone Bennett, Forced Into Glory: Abraham Lincoln's White Dream.
Is What Bennett Alleges True?
Had he not been assassinated just 10 days after the end of the Civil War, would Lincoln have tried to carry out the black exportation plans purported by Bennett? Was Abraham Lincoln actually a racist?
Remember that Lincoln entered the political arena in the late 1850s when a view of slavery as an assault on human rights was still a brand new and not widely held concept. For most of their youths, Lincoln and his contemporaries would have encountered the slave as nothing more than the "somebody" who did the "dirty" jobs of those days.
Many Lincoln researchers do acknowledge what would, today, be considered "racist" overtones in Lincoln's early political life. On Oct. 13, 1858, during his famed debates with Judge Stephen A. Douglas, Lincoln spoke to what he considered to be basic black and white racial differences "which, in my [Lincoln's] judgment, will probably forever forbid their [blacks] living together on the footing of perfect equality."
In the same speech, Lincoln states, "I agree with Judge Douglas that he [a black] is not my equal in many respects, certainly not in color ? perhaps not in intellectual and moral endowments; but in the right to eat the bread without leave of anybody else which his own hand earns, he is my equal and the equal of Judge Douglas, and the equal of every other man." In this statement, despite his reference to differences in "intellectual and moral endowments," Lincoln shows his belief that both black and white were entitled to equal rights and protection under the Constitution. (Source: The Founder's Library - Lincoln-Douglas Debates)
As President, Lincoln's struggle to end the Civil War and preserve the nation left him deeply sympathetic to the plight of the slaves and increased his belief in the need for racial equality in America.
After seeing over 200,000 African-Americans volunteer and fight alongside Union forces, Lincoln dropped his support for plans to colonize freed slaves to Africa after the Civil War. In an 1863 speech, Lincoln stated, "there will be some black men who can remember that, with silent tongue, and clenched teeth, and steady eye, and well-poised bayonet, they have helped mankind on to this great consummation, while, I fear, there will be some white ones, unable to forget that, with malignant heart, and deceitful speech, they have strove to hinder it."
On April 11, 1865 Lincoln delivered an address in which he became the first president to advocate extending voting rights to African-Americans who fought for the Union when he stated, "It is also unsatisfactory to some that the elective franchise is not given to the colored man. I would myself prefer that it were now conferred on the very intelligent, and on those who serve our cause as soldiers." By this statement, Lincoln indicated his belief that African-Americans should have full political equality. In the crowd that day, an intently listening fellow named John Wilkes Booth commented to those around him, "That is the last speech he will ever make." And so it was. (Information Source: The Lincoln Museum Web Site)
To apply 20th century beliefs and standards to an America of 1858 and declare Abraham Lincoln a "racist" is a faulty formula that unfairly distorts Lincoln's true role in advancing civil and human rights. By the standards of his time, Lincoln's views on race and equality were progressive and truly changed minds, policy and most importantly, hearts for years to come.
Posted by Sawaad Amen Ra at 9:38 AM